High Energy / Nuclear Theory / RIKEN Seminars

[Hybrid RBRC seminar] Longitudinal dynamics and particle production in relativistic nuclear collisions

by Chun Shen (Wayne State University)




In this talk, I will present a three-dimensional dynamical initialization model for relativistic heavy-ion collisions, implementing local energy-momentum conservation and baryon charge fluctuations at string junctions. Constraining parameters using experimental data from p+p collisions at various collision energies, the model provides a very good description of the charged hadron and net proton rapidity distributions in Au+Au collisions from 7.7 to 200 GeV and Pb+Pb collisions at 8.77 and 17.3 GeV. We demonstrate the importance of fluctuations of baryon densities to string junctions for describing net-proton distributions at collision energies of 62.4 and 200 GeV. Including this improved baryon stopping description along with the requirement of strangeness neutrality also yields a good description of identified particle yields as functions of the collision energy above 7.7 GeV. We further study asymmetric p+Al and (p, d, 3He)+Au collisions at the top RHIC energy and p+Pb, Xe+Xe, and Pb+Pb collisions at LHC energies. We identify the produced particle rapidity distributions in asymmetric collision systems as particularly useful for constraining models of the early-time longitudinal dynamics.

Organized by

Nobuyuki Matsumoto