Correlating Structure and Properties in Additively Manufactured Metals through Multi-modal Characterization Approaches Back

Virtual Workshop (Zoom link provided below)

Virtual Workshop

Zoom link provided below


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Meeting ID: 160 870 2674
Code: 458794

Additive manufacturing (AM) represents a rapidly growing technological area of advanced manufacturing where techniques, such as laser powder-bed fusion (L-PBF), produce highly heterogeneous materials containing defects that range from the nanoscale – atomic defects and elemental segregation – to the microscale –cellular dislocation networks, intermetallic precipitates, and other inclusions – and finally to macroscale – fusion boundaries, lack of fusion defects, and keyhole porosity. Due to these heterogeneous microstructures, AM metallic materials generally exhibit very different performance relative to wrought alloy counterparts, such as an increased susceptibility to localized corrosion and anisotropic mechanical properties. New approaches are thus needed to statistically quantify the complex microstructural state of AM materials for enabling fundamental linkages to be established between AM processing, microstructure formation, and properties. This need is aligned with the scientific challenges in advanced manufacturing and corresponding priority research outlined in the 2018 NSLS-II Strategic Plan.

This workshop aims to discuss multiscale physical phenomena that govern the performance behavior of metallic AM materials. Specific focus will be on existing research efforts and new opportunities to implement multi-modal synchrotron techniques for providing new insights into structure-property relationships critical to AM materials development. Talks are solicited from universities, national laboratories, and industry that cover processing and fabrication, multiscale structural characterization, corrosion behavior, and mechanical property testing of AM materials. Emphasis will be placed on the microstructural origins of anomalous behavior uncovered through the integration of multiscale characterization techniques. Topics of interest include, but are not necessarily limited to:

Advanced correlative and multi-modal characterization of AM materials (brainstorming on how existing or upcoming enterprise/high-end capabilities of BNL can advance this research)
• Time-resolved imaging and diffraction during processing and/or testing
• General and localized corrosion behavior
• Mechanical behavior including deformation, fracture, and fatigue
• Mechanistic insights into measured behavior through in situ testing
• Tailoring microstructure for enhanced performance in AM metals
• Data analytics and model guided process optimization

Workshop Organizers:
Jason Trelewicz (Stony Brook University,
David Sprouster (Stony Brook University,
Alessandra Colli (Brookhaven National Laboratory,
Eric Dooryhee (Brookhaven National Laboratory,
Yong Chu (Brookhaven National Laboratory,

    • 10:00 12:00
      Session 1: Synchrotron Techniques for Characterizing AM Metals
      • 10:00
        3D Printing, Synchrotron X-Ray Experiments and Machine Learning 30m
        Speaker: Anthony Rollett (Carnegie Mellon)
      • 10:30
        The critical role of multi-modal and multi-scale measurements in driving development of practical additive manufacturing 30m
        Speaker: Lyle Levine (NIST)
      • 11:00
        Using High Energy X-Ray Diffraction to Probe Additively Manufactured Metals over a Range of Length and Time Scales 30m
        Speaker: John Carpenter (LANL )
      • 11:30
        HEX: A new tool for microstructure analysis at the NSLS-2 30m
        Speaker: Michael Drakopoulos (BNL)
    • 12:00 12:30
      Lunch 30m
    • 12:30 14:30
      Session 2: Correlating Structure with Properties and X-ray Imaging
      • 12:30
        Use of Multi-Modal Synchrotron Analytical Techniques Combined with Electrochemical Analysis to Understand Corrosion Behavior in AM 316L 30m
        Speaker: Gary Halada (Stony Brook University)
      • 13:00
        Role of Powder Composition on the Properties and Performance of Additively Manufactured Materials 30m
        Speaker: Todd Palmer (Penn State)
      • 13:30
        In-situ Characterization of LPBF Using SWIR Imaging 30m
        Speaker: Ed Kinzel (Notre Dame)
      • 14:00
        High-Speed X-ray Imaging of Metals by Additive Manufacturing 30m
        Speaker: Andrew Kiss (BNL)
    • 14:30 15:30
      Break 1h
    • 15:00 17:00
      Session 3: Toward Tunable Performance and Applications of AM
      • 15:30
        Multiaxial fracture of additively manufactured 316L stainless steel 30m
        Speaker: Allison Beese (Penn State)
      • 16:00
        Exploiting processing space in additive manufacturing to enhance material performance 30m
        Speaker: Steven Storck (JHU-Applied Physics Lab)
      • 16:30
        Challenges Facing Additive Manufacturing Applied to High Temperature Nuclear Components 30m
        Speaker: Michael McMurtrey (INL)