***ATTENTION Indico Users***

Important changes to user logins are coming to Indico at BNL.

# Workshop on Tau Neutrinos from GeV to EeV 2021 (NuTau2021)

US/Eastern
This workshop will be held as a virtual event (Hosted by Brookhaven National Laboratory)

### This workshop will be held as a virtual event

#### Hosted by Brookhaven National Laboratory

Description

Workshop Homepage

This workshop will examine the current state of knowledge of tau neutrinos and their role in understanding the lepton and neutrino sector of particle physics. We will examine the full range of tau neutrinos from GeV neutrinos produced in neutrino oscillations in accelerator experiments and the atmosphere to EeV tau neutrinos produced by astrophysical sources. The workshop will also examine future opportunities both in terms of ambitious experiments and expanded understanding of neutrino physics to use tau neutrinos as probes of new physics and precision tests of neutrino mixing, unitarity and other topics.

The below schedule is the current estimate of the program, subject to minor modifications. Please note that the agenda times are indicated in US Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) which is (UTC-4, GMT-4).

A whitepaper will be produced summarizing the results of the workshop that will be used as input to the Snowmass 2021 community planning effort currently underway in particle physics. This whitepaper and the outcome of the workshop will help guide DOE HEP and the HEPAP and P5 (Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel) panels to inform potential new research directions over the coming decades. A link to the read-only overleaf version is available here.

Workshop minutes (read only) are available here

Event ID: 0000003549

• Tuesday, 28 September
• 09:30 09:45
Introduction 15m
Speaker: Mary Bishai (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
• 09:45 11:30
Overview
Conveners: Andre De Gouvea (Northwestern) , Peter Denton (Brookhaven National Lab)
• 09:45
Theory overview: New Physics in Neutrino Oscillations and role of tau neutrinos 30m

I will start motivating and introducing the main New Physics avenues that will be considered in this talk. Then, I will discuss the potential of neutrino oscillation measurements to test these scenarios, paying particular attention to the role of tau neutrino detection. I will also comment on the potential opportunities that tau detection can provide in other related scenarios, as direct searches of Heavy Neutral Leptons in the context of minimal neutrino mass models.

Speaker: Jacobo Lopez-Pavon (Valencia U, IFIC)
• 10:15
Experimental overview: artificial sources 30m

Artificial neutrino sources are complimentary to natural sources and in many cases have the unique capability that their characteristics can be optimized to specific physics goals. Identifying tau neutrinos from artificial sources is challenging, but has been done successfully by the DoNUT and OPERA experiments. Several experiments using accelerator-based sources of tau neutrinos that are planned or proposed for construction over the next decade. These include for DUNE, FASERnu, SND@LHC, and SHiP. This talk will summarize the status and prospects of these artificial tau neutrino sources.

Speaker: Laura Fields (Fermilab)
• 10:45
Experimental overview: natural sources 30m

Natural sources produce neutrinos which travel to us over distances ranging from kilometers to gigaparsecs and beyond. Tau neutrinos form a considerable fraction of the neutrino flux, as a result of flavor oscillations. I will review some of the experimental considerations related to detection of atmospheric and cosmological tau neutrinos, and provide a brief overview of the various techniques used, or proposed, to detect these neutrinos at energies ranging from the GeV to the EeV scale.

Speaker: Tyce DeYoung (Michigan State University)
• 11:15
Discussion 15m
• 11:30 12:30
Lunch break 1h
• 12:30 14:30
Tau neutrinos and SM
Conveners: Nitish Nayak (BNL) , Xin Qian (BNL)
• 12:30
Tau neutrinos and 3-flavor model 45m

I will review what current measurements tell us about the elements of the PMNS matrix and the importance of the Tau row for the determination of Unitarity.

Speaker: Stephen Parke (Fermilab)
• 13:15
Discussion 15m
• 13:30
Tau neutrinos and lepton flavor at colliders-experiment 20m

I review existing collider constraints on lepton universality breaking and lepton flavour violation, and their connection to direct BSM searches.

• 13:50
Tau neutrinos and lepton flavor at colliders-theory 20m

We review the connection between experimental searched for lepton flavor violation and properties of the tau neutrinos.

Speaker: Yuval Grossman (Cornell)
• 14:10
Discussion 20m
• 14:30 15:00
White paper discussion
Convener: Peter Denton (Brookhaven National Lab)
• 15:00 17:30
White paper writing session
• Wednesday, 29 September
• 09:30 11:10
Experimental techniques (GeV energies)
Convener: Jeremy Hewes (University of Cincinnati)
• 09:30
Production and detection of tau neutrinos from accelerator sources in DUNE 20m
• 09:50
Experimental Detection and Studies of Atmospheric Tau Neutrinos in DUNE 20m

Over the last two decades, the experimental understanding of three flavor oscillations has improved dramatically. However, almost all of our understanding of neutrino physics is due to the study of electron and muon neutrinos, and the tau neutrino remains the least well-studied particle in the Standard Model.

The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is a next-generation neutrino experiment currently under construction. DUNE will consist of two high-resolution neutrino interaction imaging detectors exposed to the world’s most intense neutrino beam with the Near Detector at Fermilab and the Far Detector 1,300 km away in the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota. DUNE is therefore ideally suited to collect a high-statistics, high-purity sample of tau neutrinos to significantly improve our understanding of electroweak interactions and will offer crucial tests of the three-flavor paradigm. This capability can be further improved using a proposed high-energy beam mode.

However, due to the kinematic threshold for producing tau leptons, oscillated beam tau neutrinos occur far from the atmospheric oscillation maximum leading to ambiguity between $\Delta m^2_{31}$ and $\sin^2\theta_{23}$. Since the DUNE Far Detector will be deep underground, it is also ideally suited for collecting a large atmospheric tau neutrino sample. With a rate of 1 charged-current tau neutrinos per kton-year, largely occurring at the first atmospheric oscillation maximum, the DUNE atmospheric tau neutrino sample will provide a critical complement to the beam sample.

In this talk, I will discuss give a brief overview of the atmospheric sensitivity using beam tau neutrinos and the limitation for measuring three flavor parameters. I will present truth-level studies showing the expectations for DUNE's ability to select, reconstruct, and analyze atmospheric tau neutrinos.

Speaker: Adam Aurisano (University of Cinncinati)
• 10:10
Experimental techniques: Tau Neutrino Searches at Super-Kamiokande and Hyper-Kamiokande 20m

Confirmation of oscillation-induced tau neutrino appearance in atmospheric and accelerator neutrino experiments has been an important piece of establishing the now standard PMNS oscillation paradigm. Though this process has been observed successfully, tau neutrinos continue to play an important role in oscillation physics at these experiments. Further scrutiny of PMNS mixing in order to resolve current open questions, such as the nature of the neutrino mass hierarchy, relies on more detailed knowledge of the tau appearance channel. This talk will focus on measurements of tau neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande to this end and will discuss similar measurement prospects up until and throughout the next-generation experiment, Hyper-Kamiokande.

Speaker: Roger Wendell (Kyoto University)
• 10:30
Experimental techniques: IceCube atmospherics 20m
Speaker: Jason Koskinen (NBIA)
• 10:50
Discussion 20m
• 11:10 12:20
High energy tau neutrinos at CERN
Convener: Alexandre Sousa (Cincinnati)
• 11:10
Looking forward to Tau Neutrinos at the LHC - Ideas and Physics Potential 20m

As the particle accelerator with the highest energy built thus far, the LHC is also the source of the most energetic human-made neutrinos. Indeed, the LHC produces an intense and strongly collimated beam of TeV-energy neutrinos in the far-forward direction, including a sizable fraction of tau neutrinos. Two neutrino experiments, FASERv and SND@LHC, are designed to use this opportunity and will start their operation in the upcoming Run of the LHC. For the HL-LHC era, a forward physics facility housing a suite of experiments is being proposed to continue and extend this program. In this talk I will give an overview on ongoing and planned initiatives to detect tau neutrinos at the LHC, and discuss the physics potential that this program offers.

Speaker: Felix Kling (SLAC)
• 11:30
Looking Forward to Tau Neutrinos at CERN - Experiments 20m

CERN has a number of opportunities to study Tau neutrino physic in the near and more distant future. New experiments recently approved at the LHC will measure neutrinos of all flavours produced in the forward direction produced with energies in the hundreds of GeV to several TeV range. These experiments start data taking in 2022. On the fixed target side the NA65/DsTau experiment will be taking data for physics measurements soon. In the further future the SHiP experiment and the forward physics facility at the LHC will allow for detailed Tau neutrino studies

Speaker: Albert De Roeck (CERN)
• 11:50
Discussion 30m
• 12:20 13:20
Lunch break 1h
• 13:20 15:30
Contributed talks I
Conveners: Pedro Machado (Fermilab) , Thomas Kutter (LSU) , Jeremy Hewes (University of Cincinnati) , Stella Oh (University of Cincinnati)
• 13:20
On the reliability of present predictions for tau neutrino fluxes 15m

Tau neutrino fluxes in the atmosphere and at the Large Hadron Collider arise from heavy-flavour production and decay. The reliability of their predictions is therefore deeply connected to the reliability of present predictions for charm and bottom production in hadronic collisions. I plan to discuss this subject, presenting the various sources of uncertainties affecting these predictions and considering different frameworks, corresponding to different system of cuts and center-of-mass energies.

Speaker: Maria Vittoria Garzelli (University of Hamburg)
• 13:35
Appearance of tau neutrinos in the near detectors due to the oscillations involving sterile neutrinos 15m

In the long-baseline neutrino experiments, an interesting signature of sterile neutrinos could be the anomalous appearance of tau neutrinos in the near detectors, not expected in case of three-flavour oscillations. The sensitivities in the ($\sin^22\theta_{\mu\tau},\Delta m_{41}^2$) parameter space, based on full MINOS+ Monte Carlo simulation and reconstruction, for total statistics of MINOS+ experiment will be presented [1]. Based on this example, the possible modifications of sensitivity for the anomalous appearance of tau neutrinos in the near detectors in the future long-baseline experiments will be discussed [1] https://zenodo.org/record/1300962

Speaker: Katarzyna Grzelak (University of Warsaw)
• 13:50
Constraining tau neutrino transition magnetic moments at DUNE 15m

We consider the sensitivity of the DUNE experiment to a heavy neutral lepton, HNL (also known as sterile neutrino) in the mass range from a few MeV to a few GeV, interacting with the Standard Model via a transition magnetic moment to the active neutrinos, the so-called dipole portal. The HNL is produced via the up-scattering of active neutrinos, and the subsequent decay inside the detector provides a single-photon signal. We show the tau-neutrino dipole portal can be eﬃciently probed at DUNE.

Speaker: Jingyu Zhu (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
• 14:05
Kinematic Tau neutrino search at DUNE far detectors 15m

DUNE will be a long baseline neutrino experiment utilizing liquid Argon TPC technology. As well as a rich program of neutrino oscillation and BSM physics studies, DUNE will have an unprecedented sensitivity to the tau neutrino appearance with an event rate of approximately 30 events per year and far detector module. Their study will improve the understanding of neutrino interactions and provide a test for the 3-flavour neutrino paradigm. Moreover an alternative high energy neutrino beam configuration would increase the tau neutrino statistics at the far detectors by a factor of 6. However, the DUNE far detectors will not resolve the topology of the prompt decay of the charged lepton tau, so the isolation of a tau neutrino sample requires a non-trivial treatment.I will present an analysis to search for tau neutrinos in the DUNE experiment based on kinematic criteria, exploiting the precise tracking and calorimetric performance of the liquid argon time projection chambers technology. Three tau decay modes are studied, and for each of them, a dedicated analysis is deployed to isolate tau neutrinos and reject the associated backgrounds. Semi-realistic significances are calculated.

Speaker: Thomas Kosc (Institut de Physique des 1 Infinis (Lyon, France))
• 14:20
Break 10m
• 14:30
Learning from Tau Neutrino Appearance at Long Baselines 15m

Excitingly, the DUNE experiment will have access to the world's largest sample of well-identified tau-neutrino scattering events arising from oscillations of muon-neutrinos. Since such a sample has yet to be analyzed, it is prudent to ask "what can we learn from it?" In this talk, I will walk through the benefits of such a sample, in the framework of three-neutrino oscillations and beyond.

Speaker: Kevin J Kelly (Fermilab)
• 14:45
Prospects for anomalous tau neutrino appearance searches at the DUNE Near Detector 15m

The DUNE Near Detector, with a LAr TPC (Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber) as its primary detector, enables DUNE to probe for new physics beyond the Standard Model, such as short-baseline tau neutrino appearance mediated by sterile neutrino oscillations. Due to the high energy production threshold of the tau lepton and its very short lifetime, detection of tau neutrinos is very challenging, but the large statistics expected (especially in high-energy configuration) for the LBNF beam, as well as the excellent spatial resolution of the DUNE ND detectors, present an opportunity to search for this unique signature. This study is focused on charged-current tau neutrino interactions, identified using multivariate methods based on kinematic variables. In this talk, I will review the tau neutrino selection strategy for the DUNE ND, and present DUNE's expected sensitivities to short-baseline tau neutrino appearance, assuming mixing between active and sterile neutrinos.

Speaker: Miriama Rajaoalisoa (University of Cincinnati)
• 15:00
New tau neutrino oscillation constraints on unitary violation 15m

Testing the unitarity of the PMNS matrix can give insights into the existence of additional neutrino generations which would render the 3x3 leptonic mixing matrix non-unitarity. Current oscillation data mostly constrains the electron and muon row of the mixing matrix whereas the tau row still allows for large unitarity violation. Here we will focus on new unitary constraints on the tau row coming from previously overlooked experimental data.

Speaker: Julia Gehrlein (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
• 15:15
Constraining neutrino magnetic moments at the LHC 15m

The significant neutrino flux at high rapidity at the LHC motivates dedicated forward detectors to study the properties of neutrinos at TeV energies. We investigate magnetic dipole interactions between different flavors of active neutrinos, and between the active neutrinos and new sterile states at emulsion and liquid argon experiments that could be located in a future Forward Physics Facility (FPF) downstream of the ATLAS interaction point. The scattering of neutrinos off electrons produces an electron recoil signature that can probe new regions of parameter space at the High Luminosity LHC, particularly for liquid argon detectors due to low momentum thresholds. In the presence of a sterile neutrino we also consider its decay through the dipole operator, which leads to a photon that could be displaced from the production vertex. FPF detectors can test the magnetic properties of neutrinos, highlighting the use of high energy LHC neutrinos as probes of new physics.

Speaker: Roshan Mammen Abraham (Oklahoma State University)
• 15:30 17:30
White paper writing session
• Thursday, 30 September
• 09:30 10:45
Tau neutrino cross sections
Conveners: Austin Cummings (Penn State ) , Milind Diwan (Brookhaven National Lab)
• 09:30
Cross Section Measurement of Tau Neutrinos from GeV to TeV in Ar_{40} 20m

Experiments such as T2K and NOvA report the calculation of the cross-section (neutrino interactions) as the major contributor of systematic uncertainties in the measurement of oscillations. Determining the energy of neutrinos and neutrino-nucleus interactions relies on reconstruction techniques based on kinematics (T2K/HK) or calorimetric methods (DUNE/NOvA/SBN), and reliable interaction models are required in both. Given the capabilities of new accelerators and detectors, it will be possible to obtain precise interaction models and study phenomena that until now seemed complex to execute. One example is the oscillation of the $\nu_{\tau}$ in long-baseline experiments with detectors with $Ar_{40}$ which given their resolution could provide not just higher statistics than previous ones (OPERA/DONUT) but therefore, more accurate insights on how muon neutrinos oscillate into tau neutrinos with nearly maximal mixing or how these results could be used as proof of the properties of neutrinos and their interactions.

This presentation will show a semi-theoretical framework of how it is planned to approach the estimation of the $\nu_{\tau}$ cross-section in $Ar_{40}$ and how well we can get the kinematic variables that contribute to it.

Speaker: Barbara Yaeggy (Cinncinati)
• 09:50
Cross sections across all energies-theory 20m

Detection of tau neutrinos from oscillations over distances from terrestrial to cosmic scales require the tau neutrino cross section for energies ranging from GeV to EeV. Tau neutrino flux attenuation and tau neutrino regeneration in the Earth also depends on the cross section.
The theoretical status of the tau neutrino cross section over this broad energy range is reviewed.

Speaker: Hallsie Reno (U Iowa)
• 10:10
Neutrino cross-sections from GeV to ZeV energies - experiment 20m

Neutrino interaction cross-sections have been measured at fixed target experiments and, at higher energies, by neutrino telescopes which observe neutrino absorption in the Earth.  In this talk, I will discuss current cross-section measurements and future prospects.

Speaker: Spencer Klein (LBNL)
• 10:30
Discussion 15m
• 10:45 12:40
UHE experimental techniques
Conveners: Carlos Arguelles (Harvard) , Stella Oh (U Cincinnati)
• 10:45
High Energy Tau Neutrino Detection 45m

The tau neutrino remains the most challenging flavor of neutrino to detect. While tau neutrinos are not generally expected to be produced in significant numbers in cosmic accelerators which produce the high energy neutrinos detected by IceCube, they should appear due to flavor change in flight between the source and the Earth. In this talk I will review methods of tau neutrino identification in existing and planned high energy neutrino detectors.

Speaker: Dawn Williams (University of Alabama)
• 11:30
The radio technique and UHE tau neutrino searches 45m

In the last decade the radio technique has experienced a spectacular leap forward, with many different experimental approaches and a diversity of proposals and experiments. Many of them take full advantage of the Earth skimming channel that was proposed soon after oscillations were discovered. After reviewing current understanding of the radio technique in general and the Earth skimming channel, I will give an overview of the main experimental efforts and proposals under consideration to detect Ultra High Energy tau neutrinos.

Speaker: Enrique Zas (Santiago de Compostela U.)
• 12:15
Discussion 25m
• 12:40 13:40
Lunch break 1h
• 13:40 15:30
Tau neutrino reconstruction techniques
Conveners: Barbara Yaeggy (Cinncinati) , Hanyu Wei (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
• 13:40
Reconstruction of multi-GeV tau neutrinos in tracking detectors 30m

This talk will discuss the reconstruction techniques used in past experiments which performed nutau appearance searches and what can be learned from that experience for future searches.

Speaker: Dario Autiero (Lyon, IPN)
• 14:10
Reconstruction, Flavor Identification and Future Prospects at High Energies 20m

There are many challenges for high-energy tau-neutrino reconstruction with sparse detectors: The falling spectrum limits the number of expected events with high enough tau decay lengths, while the reconstructions themselves are prone to systematic uncertainties. I will discuss recent improvements and near-future prospects to overcome statistical and systematic limitations and improve flavor identification and flavor measurements.

Speaker: Juliana Stachurska (MIT)
• 14:30
Discussion 15m
• 15:30 17:30
White paper writing session
• Friday, 1 October
• 09:00 10:15
Tau neutrinos and BSM
Conveners: Ahmed Ismail (Oklahoma State) , Roshan Mammen Abraham (Oklahoma State University)
• 09:00
Tau neutrinos and BSM 20m

Light sterile neutrinos have been put forward as an explanation of the anomalous measurements obtained in short-baseline neutrino experiments. In this talk I will review the status and discuss recent results in the search for light sterile neutrinos. Additionally, I will present extensions of the light sterile neutrino model that aim to explanations of these anomalous observations and resolve tensions in the global neutrino data set.

Speaker: Carlos Arguelles (Harvard)
• 09:20
Physics with Atmospheric Tau Neutrino at ICAL-INO 20m

In this talk, I discuss the possibility of detecting tau events in the multi-GeV energy range originated via atmospheric muon neutrino to tau neutrino oscillation in the context of 50 kt magnetized Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector under the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration. I also discuss the possibility of exploring some interesting beyond the Standard Model (BSM) scenarios using this facility.

Speaker: Sanjib Agarwalla (Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar)
• 09:40
High-energy and ultra-high-energy tau neutrinos and BSM 20m

High-energy (TeV-PeV) and ultra-high-energy (> 100 PeV) tau neutrinos of cosmic origin offer great potential to test a wide variety of BSM scenarios.  Because the tau sector in BSM searches is often the least constrained, measuring high-energy tau neutrinos represents an opportunity to make substantial progress.  Today, we perform BSM tests using the IceCube TeV-PeV neutrinos, based on their spectrum and flavor composition.  Ongoing improvements in statistics and techniques to identify tau neutrinos will sharpen these tests.   In the coming decade, a host of planned neutrino telescopes, some sensitive mostly to tau neutrinos may finally discover the long-sought ultra-high-energy neutrinos, and open up a new energy regime wherein to test BSM.  I will survey the present and near-future BSM opportunities, point out what are the most promising ones, and comment on dealing with prevailing astrophysical uncertainties.

Speaker: Mauricio Bustamante (Niels Bohr Institute)
• 10:00
Discussion 15m
• 10:15 10:50
Tau neutrinos in astrophysics
Conveners: Barbara Yaeggy (Cinncinati) , Ivan Martinez-Soler (Fermilab and Northwestern University)
• 10:15
Prompt atmospheric tau neutrino flux 20m

I will talk about the prompt component of atmospheric neutrinos, which are from the heavy flavor hadron decays, focusing on tau neutrinos. For the energy above ~10 TeV, the flux of prompt atmospheric tau neutrinos dominates over the conventional tau neutrino flux, produced from oscillation of conventional muon neutrinos, and at lower energies, it can be a background to the conventional tau neutrino flux. Unlike the conventional neutrinos, the prompt neutrino flux has large uncertainty. In this talk, I will discuss main components for evaluating the prompt neutrino flux and its theoretical uncertainties.

Speaker: Yu Seon Jeong (CERN)
• 10:35
Discussion 15m
• 10:50 11:20
Contributed talks II
Conveners: Barbara Yaeggy (Cinncinati) , Oleksandr Tomalak (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
• 10:50
nutau-nucleon/nucleus deep inelastic scattering in the multi-GeV energy region 15m

We shall present the results for a study of some perturbative and nonperturbative effects on the evaluation of the nutau(nutaubar)-nucleon scattering cross sections. The free nucleon structure functions have been obtained by using the evolution of parton distribution functions at the next-to leading order and taking the effects of kinematical and dynamical higher twists. These free nucleon structure functions are then convoluted with the nucleon spectral function in the nucleus to obtain the nuclear structure functions F_{iA} (x, Q^2 ); (i=1-5), by taking into account Fermi motion, binding energy and nucleon correlations. We also include the contribution of pi and rho mesons and the corrections due to shadowing and obtain the results for F_{iA} (x, Q^2); (i=1-5) and the cross sections. This is the first theoretical study, which includes nuclear medium effects in the evaluation of nutau(nutaubar)-nucleus differential and total scattering cross secti ons.

Speaker: VANIYA ANSARI (ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY)
• 11:05
On the Tau flavor of the cosmic neutrino flux 15m

We show how the detection of the tau events by ICECUBE constrains the interaction of the neutrinos with ultralight dark matter and discuss the implications of this interaction for even higher energy cosmic neutrinos detectable by future radio telescopes such as ARA, ARIANNA and GRAND. We also revisit the $3+1$ neutrino scheme and clarify a misconception about the evolution of high energy neutrinos in matter within the $3+1$ scheme with a possibility of scattering off nuclei.

Speaker: Yasaman Farzan (IPM)
• 11:20 12:20
Lunch 1h
• 12:20 14:30
Contributed talks II
Conveners: Mahdi Bagheri (Georgia Institute of Technology) , Nepomuk Otte (Georgia Institute of Technology) , Tom Stuttard (Niels Bohr Institute) , Yuchieh Ku (Penn State)
• 12:20
KM3NeT/ORCA sensitivity to atmospheric tau-neutrino appearance 15m

ORCA is the low-energy branch of the KM3NeT neutrino facility under construction in the Mediterranean Sea and optimised to study oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos in the few-GeV energy range. Using the first six (out of a final 115) deployed detection units, ORCA is already now able to confirm the disappearance of muon neutrino charged-current events with 5σ. Once completed, an unprecedented statistics of 3k tau neutrinos per year that have oscillated from a purely muon- and electron-neutrino initial atmospheric flux will be detected within the instrumented volume. ORCA will be able to determine the normalisation of the tau-neutrino flux as a statistical excess of shower-like events in the event sample.The contribution will present the sensitivity of ORCA to measure tau-neutrino appearance on a statistical basis.

Speaker: Steffen Hallmann (DESY)
• 12:35
The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection - the experimental status and plans 15m

The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) project aims to find the sources of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) in the Universe. This would be achieved by deploying 200,000 radio antennas over 200,000 km2, gathering enough UHE neutrino, cosmic ray and gamma-ray events to pinpoint UHECRs origin. The use of a sparse array of antennas would allow achieving statistics far beyond what is accessible to the current experiments at an affordable cost. However, GRAND faces significant challenges: developing a fully autonomous system of triggering on the radio signals, and reconstructing parameters of very inclined air showers from the radio data only. Solving them is the main aim of GRANDProto300 - an array of 300 antennas, which should take the first data still in 2021. We present preliminary designs and simulation results, plans for construction, deployment, and the detection methods that will allow us for a rich research program, spanning beyond the UHE particles detection.

Speaker: Lech W Piotrowski (University of Warsaw)
• 12:50
Prospects for EeV tau-neutrino physics with in-ice radio detectors 15m

The detection of the radio emission following a neutrino interaction in ice is a promising technique to obtain signiﬁcant sensitivities to neutrinos with energies above 10 PeV. The detectable radio emission stems from particle showers in the ice. With the RNO-G detector being under construction in Greenland, and the plans for an order-of-magnitude more sensitive radio detector as part of IceCube-Gen2, the detection of UHE neutrinos becomes a realistic option in the next years. This contribution explores the sensitivity of identifying tau neutrinos. Taus, created by an interaction of the corresponding neutrino, create several additional detectable showers during their propagation through the ice. If multiple of these showers are detected, it provides a signature for the neutrino flavor. Using NuRadioMC, the signatures of secondary interactions were simulated for RNO-G and IceCube-Gen2 which are used to quantify the fraction of detectable tau neutrinos.

Speaker: Christian Glaser (Uppsala University, Sweden)
• 13:05
POEMMA: Probe Of Extreme Multi-Messenger Astrophysics 15m

The Probe Of Extreme Multi-Messenger Astrophysics (POEMMA) is designed to observe cosmic neutrinos and to identify the sources of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). POEMMA consists of two spacecraft flying in a loose formation at 525 km altitudes with each spacecraft hosting a large Schmidt telescope with a focal plane optimized to observe both the optical Cherenkov signals and the near-UV fluorescence signals from extensive air showers. POEMMA will be sensitive to cosmic tau neutrinos above 20 PeV by observing the upward-moving EASs induced from tau neutrino interactions in the Earth. POEMMA can quickly slew to the neutrino limb-viewing mode to follow Target-of-Opportunity (ToO) transient astrophysical sources with exceptional neutrino flux sensitivity over the full-sky. POEMMA will also have remarkable sensitivity to UHE neutrinos above 20 EeV using EAS fluorescence measurements.

Speaker: John F Krizmanic (UMBC/CRESST/NASA/GSFC)
• 13:20
Break 10m
• 13:30
Axial and pseudoscalar form factor with tau neutrinos 15m

We study the sensitivity to axial nucleon structure of single-spin asymmetries in (anti)neutrino charged current quasielastic scattering on free nucleons. The weak interaction gives rise to relatively large single-spin asymmetries at leading order. Besides the axial form factor, the pseudoscalar form factor can be accessed with tau (anti)neutrinos measuring recoil and target transverse asymmetries without additional assumptions.

Speaker: Oleksandr Tomalak (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
• 13:45
Looking for HNLs via Double Bang signals 15m

Heavier neutral leptons are predicted in many extensions of the SM as a solution of several fundamental questions like the origin of the neutrino masses. In this talk, we will consider the detection of HNLs using ''double-bang'' signals. Several models can explain this type of event, here we will consider two: the production of HNLs via mixing with the light neutrinos and through a transition magnetic moment. We will explore the present a future sensitivity of neutrino detectors to this signal.

Speaker: Ivan Martinez-Soler (Fermilab and Northwestern University)
• 14:00
Tau neutrino propagation with NuPropEarth 15m

Understanding the propagation of neutrinos through matter is fundamental to quantify the sensitivity to detect high-energy tau neutrinos. NuPropEarth is a simulation framework with the structure of a general-purpose Monte Carlo event generator and therefore allows following the path and interactions of individual neutrinos as they travel through Earth on an event-by-event basis. In this talk, we will present the main details of the framework and quantify the tau neutrino attenuation rates.

Speaker: Alfonso Garcia (Harvard University)
• 14:15
Probing Secret Interactions of Tau Neutrinos in the High-Statistics Era 15m

Do neutrinos have sizable self-interactions? They might. Laboratory constraints are weak, so strong effects are possible in astrophysical environments and the early universe. Observations with neutrino telescopes can provide an independent probe of neutrino self (“secret”) interactions, as the sources are distant and the cosmic neutrino background intervenes. We define a roadmap for making decisive progress on testing secret neutrino interactions governed by a light mediator, using IceCube-Gen2.

Speaker: Ivan Esteban (CCAPP, Ohio State University)
• 14:30 15:00
Summary/Discussion
Convener: Julia Gehrlein
• 15:00 17:00
White paper writing session
• 17:00 18:00
Fermilab W&C from MicroBooNE 1h

Search for anomalous single-photon production in MicroBooNE as a first test of the MiniBooNE low-energy excess
Oct. 1, 2021, 4:00 pm US/Central
Mark Ross-Lonergan, Columbia University
We report first results from a search for neutrino-induced neutral current (NC) resonant ∆(1232) baryon production followed by ∆ radiative decay. Data corresponding to MicroBooNE’s first three years of operations (6.80×1020 protons on target) are used to select single-photon events with one or zero protons and without charged leptons in the final state. The background is constrained via an in-situ high-purity measurement of NC π0 events. This provides the world’s most sensitive search for NC Delta→Ngamma below 1 GeV, and a first test of the MiniBooNE low-energy excess under a single photon hypothesis.